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In the mild winter zone, adult emergence is earlier but larval development is longer (6–7. resist to low temperatures (À10 C) as well as tolerate high temperatures (<25 C),. to an average monthly temperature between 18 and 20 C; mass effect, tent,. 6.2.2 Natural History 6.2.3 Effect of the Climate 6.2.4 Effect of Defoliation. urban heat island effect in the big cities will compound this impact. If average summer temperatures rise by 2-4°C, the excess mortality each.